2010: Finished PhD projects
Human Ecology Division
"Social Ecography; International trade, network analysis, and an Emmanuelian conceptualization of ecological unequal exchange"
- Presentation: Defence date: 11th October 2010. This thesis demonstrates how network analysis, ecological economics and the world-system perspective can be combined into an ecographic framework that can yield new insights into the underlying structure of the world-economy as well as its surrounding world-ecology. In particular, the thesis focuses on the structural theory of ecological unequal exchange, a theory suggesting a relationship between positionality within the world-system and unequal exchange of biophysical resources. Using formal tools from social network analysis, the theory is tested on empirical trade data for two commodity types – primary agricultural goods and fuel commodities – for the period 1995-1999.
Department of Human Geography
"Gentrifiering, socialgeografisk polarisering och bostadspolitiskt skifte"
- Presentation: Ever since the term ‘gentrification’ was coined by Ruth Glass in 1964 this specific form of socio-economic change has attracted much attention within the social sciences, not least from geographers and sociologists. This has generated a rich discussion on the mechanisms behind the process and, to a lesser extent, a debate on positive and negative outcomes of gentrification. Critical voices have depicted gentrification as a global urban strategy within a neoliberal policy agenda. This thesis aims to enhance our knowledge of gentrification processes in Swedish metropolitan areas. It does so by an extensive mapping of gentrification processes in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö during 1986-2001. It also contains a smaller study of island gentrification in the southern parts of the Gothenburg archipelago.
"The Estonian forest sector in transition to sustainability? Capturing sustainability with the help of integrated assessment"
- Presentation: Defence date: 30th April 2010. This thesis has two main objectives. The first is to analyse the potential of existing assessment tools and methods to incorporate the different dimensions of sustainability in an assessment. The second is to apply some of these tools in a case study in order to determine how forest sector can better contribute to sustainable development in Estonia. The first aim is addressed in a theoretical section that provides an overview and categorization of the existing tools and methods for assessing sustainability. In the case study a transition analysis of the forest sector’s development over the last 20 years is performed together with a stakeholder analysis to determine the potential for improvements. Furthermore, a scenario analysis using a computer simulation in a life cycle perspective is performed to determine the sustainability impacts of the two sustainable forestry visions defined by Estonian forest stakeholders.