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Research project in Human Geography


Project's duration: 2002-

Contact person: Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt

Researchers in the project: The programme is carried out by research teams in each  country and co-ordinated by researchers at Lund University. 


The Afrint project which has been running since 2002 is an interdisciplinary, comparative project looking initially at the possibilities for an Asian style Green Revolution in nine countries in Sub-Saharan Africa on the basis of household level data for around 4000 smallholder farms.

The second phase, Afrint II, was launched in 2008 and aimed to trace patterns of change among these households given the growing policy interest in smallholder based agrarian development in both national, regional and international circles. The first two rounds of Afrint were headed by Professor Göran Djurfeldt at the Department of Sociology. In 2010, a downsized Afrint III was launched covering the original sample in six countries – Ghana, Kenya, Malawi. Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia. The scope was broadened to include linkages between farm and non farm sources of livelihoods as well as gendered patterns of access to income both within and outside agriculture. Since 2016, a down-sized phase of Afrint, Afrint IV/Papaya (Policy for Equity in African Agriculture) is being carried out in a sub-set of villages across Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia. This project is part of SAIRLA (Sustainable Agricultural Intensification Research and Learning in Africa) funded by the UK Department of International Development. The third and fourth rounds of Afrint are headed by Professor Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt from the Department of Human Geography. From the Department of Human Geography, apart from Agnes, Maria Archila, Ola Hall, Magnus Jirström, Göran Djurfeldt and Karin Lindsjö are also part of the Afrint group. Afrint has received funding in a number of phases, in 2010 from Vetenskapsrådet (Hum-Sam), Sida (U-forsk) in 2011 and in 2014 through the DFID-ESRC Growth Research Programme (DEGRP) and again through Vetenskapsrådet (Utvecklingsforskning).  Currently, there are around twenty senior researchers working within Afrint. 


The questionnaires are free to copy. Please acknowledge the source as: The Afrint Project, Lund University (





Andersson Djurfeldt, A., Dzanku, F. M., & Isinika, A. C. (2018). Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries: Oxford University Press.

Djurfeldt, G., A. Isinika, and E. Aryeetey (2010) African Smallholders - food crops, markets and policy, CAB International

Djurfeldt, G., H. Holmén, M. Jirström and R. Larsson (2005) The African Food Crisis - lessons from the green revolution, CAB International



Dzanku, F. (2019) Food security in rural sub-Saharan Africa: Exploring the nexus between gender, geography and off-farm employment, World Development, 113:26-43.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A., Hillbom, E., Mulwafu, W. O., Mvula, P., & Djurfeldt, G. (2018). “The family farms together, the decisions, however are made by the man”—Matrilineal land tenure systems, welfare and decision making in rural Malawi. Land Use Policy, 70, 601-610. 

Dzanku, F. M. (2017). Rational But Poor? An Explanation for Rural Economic Livelihood Strategy. Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Romain F., Lopez-Ridaura, S. Giller, K.E. Herrero, M., Douxchamps, S., Andersson Djurfeldt, A., Erenstein, O., Henderson, B., Kassie, M., Paul, B.K. Rigolot, C., Ritzema, R.S., Rodriguez, D.,  van Asten, P. J. A., & M.T. van Wijk (2016): Drivers of household food availability in sub-Saharan Africa based on big data from small farms, PNAS, 113 (2) 458-463.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A., & Hillbom, E. (2016). Pro-poor agricultural growth–Inclusion or differentiation? Village level perspectives from Zambia. Geoforum, 75, 220-233.

Dzanku, F. M., M., Jirström and H. Marstorp (2015): Yield Gap-Based Poverty Gaps in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa, World Development, Volume 67, March 2015, Pages 336–362

Nasrin, S., Bergman Lodin, J., Jirström, M., Holmquist, B., Andersson Djurfeldt, A. and G. Djurfeldt (2015): Drivers of rice production: evidence from five Sub-Saharan African countries, Agriculture & Food Security, 4:12.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A., G. Djurfeldt and D. B. Sarpong (2014). ‘Community, cohesion and context: Agrarian development and religion in Eastern Region, Ghana.’ Geoforum 52: 78-89.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A. (2014). ‘Multi-local livelihoods and food security in rural Africa.’ Journal of International Development.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A. and G. Djurfeldt (2013). ‘Structural Transformation and African Smallholders: Drivers of Mobility within and between the Farm and Non-farm Sectors for Eight Countries.’ Oxford Development Studies 41(3): 281-306.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A., G. Djurfeldt and J. Bergman Lodin (2013). ‘Geography of Gender Gaps: Regional Patterns of Income and Farm–Nonfarm Interaction Among Male-and Female-Headed Households in Eight African Countries.’ World Development 48: 32-47.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A. (2013):  ‘African Re-Agrarianization? Accumulation or pro-poor agricultural growth?’ World Development 41: 217-231.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A. (2012) 'Seasonality and farm/non-farm interactions in Western Kenya', Journal of Modern African Studies, 50:1, March.

Bergman Lodin, Johanna. (2012) ‘Intrahousehold bargaining and distributional outcomes regarding NERICA upland rice proceeds in Hoima District, Uganda’ Gender, Technology and Development, Vol. 16 No 3.

Bergman Lodin, Johanna with Susan Paulson and Milly Senoga Mugenyi. 2012. 'New seeds, gender norms and labor dynamics in Hoima District, Uganda.' Journal of Eastern African Studies.

Andersson Djurfeldt, A. and S. Wambugu (2011) 'In kind transfers of maize, commercialization and household consumption in Western Kenya ' Journal of Eastern African Studies, August 2011.

Andersson, A (2011). 'Maize remittances, markets and smallholder livelihoods in Malawi', Journal of Modern African Studies, 49:1.

Djurfeldt, G., B. Holmquist, M. Jirström, R. Larsson, A. Andersson (2008) African farm dynamics and the sub-continental food crisis - the case of maize. Food Economics - Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section C 5(2), pp. 75-91