Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Alf Hornborg

Alf Hornborg

Professor

Alf Hornborg

Imperial metabolism : Empire as a process of ecologically unequal exchange

Author

  • Alf Hornborg

Editor

  • Peter Fibiger Bang
  • C. A. Bayly
  • Walter Scheidel

Department/s

  • Human Ecology

Publishing year

2021

Language

English

Pages

437-459

Publication/Series

The Oxford World History of Empire

Document type

Book chapter

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Social and Economic Geography

Status

Published