2016: Finished PhD projects
"Ecologically unequal exchange in the Inca Empire"
Department of Human Geography
"Between the highway and the red dirt track : subaltern urbanization and census towns in India"
- Presentation: In the 2011 census of India, more than 2500 settlements have been newly inducted into the category of ‘census towns’ – the lowest size-class of urban settlements in India. This is a staggering figure in light of the observation that a comparable number constituted the total number of all urban settlements recorded since 1900. Furthermore, it has been revealed through aerial images, that a vast majority of these new census towns are situated away from million-plus metropolitan areas and are parts of smaller settlement agglomerations (Pradhan 2012). This geographical phenomenon of small-town based urbanization independent of state planning has been termed subaltern urbanization (Denis, Mukhopadhyay, and Zerah 2012). Read more
"General purpose technology diffusion and labour market dynamics : A spatio-temporal perspective"
- Presentation: This dissertation aims at advancing the knowledge about the role of the labour market in the process of the technology-induced economic transformation, taking into account the variety of factors involved at micro-, meso-, and macro-levels of the economy and at different geographical scales. Empirically, the dissertation investigates the co-evolutionary dynamics of industrial restructuring and worker reallocation across and within regional labour markets induced by the diffusion of the information technology as a general purpose technology (GPT) in Sweden in the period between 1985 and 2010. Read more
"Fictitious Carbon, Fictitious Change? Environmental Implications of the Commodification of Carbon"
- Presentation: PhD-thesis defence: 23rd September 2016. The last few decades have seen the mainstreaming of a particular form of climate policy that puts a lot of faith in the mechanisms of the market. But do these mechanisms deliver what they promise? And what are the broader environmental implications of the choice for market-based policies? Wim’s dissertation argues for the need to take seriously the social, economic and ecological contexts within which such policies are deployed. It argues that market mechanisms are not neutral instruments but in fundamental ways interact with the historical legacy of fossil fuel development and the broader socioecological conditions of capitalist society. Their outcomes cannot be understood outside of these contexts. Recognizing this offers insights on the conditions for improving current climate and energy policies, or the formulation of alternatives. Read more: https://lucris.lub.lu.se/ws/files/11379396/Wim_Carton_thesis.pdf