Breaking away from the set path; how change agency created new paths in a locked-in region
Summary, in English
Nevertheless, in this very structurally constrained region, new paths have emerged over the last 30 years, despite the continued dominance of the mining industry. Two paths have developed towards tourism and space, both unrelated to mining but dependent on local natural resources, land and the scarce labour pool. Although strategy documents and formal decisions show the municipality’s intention of supporting diversification processes, the mine continuously needs local support. Today, ground deformations due to mining activity forces the entire city centre and 6000 inhabitants to move. Once again, the focus of local policy makers is directed towards the mine. Using material from 21 interviews as well as supporting documents, this paper takes a long-term perspective and sets out to answer questions of why and how these two new paths have been developed, their relations to other local paths, and what the role of agency is in this process. Seeing that agency can be distributed, it takes a multi-scalar and multi-actor approach to analyse the role (and limitations) of agency on a local level. The case of Kiruna hereby enhances our understanding of the scope of local agency in a place heavily constrained by an extractive industry, and contributes to the scientific debate (Frangenheim et al., 2020; Grillitsch & Sotarauta, 2020; MacKinnon et al., 2019) concerning the role of agency in path development.
- Institutionen för kulturgeografi och ekonomisk geografi
- Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
2021-08-24 - 2021-08-27
- Regional Growth against all odds
- Agents of Change in Old-industrial Regions in Europe