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Lars-Olof Olander


I am a professor in Human Geography, working within evolutionary macro-economic geography. My research is foremost directed towards economic growth and long term regional transformation, leaving contributions to regional policy and to the understanding of welfare creation with focus on cities and regions. An auxiliary late line of my research has been in logistics, resulting in a prototype for a Swedish State of Logistics Report and an increasing interest in problems of decarbonising modern society and its transports. I’m especially interested in links between economic growth and transformation, logistics, transports and energy consumption and their present and future impacts on climate change and carbon emissions.

Current research projects

  • Explaining long term growth in regions

Based on endogenous characteristics of regions, hierarchies and distances in regional systems and the systemic effects from national and international growth cycles and technology shifts – models are created to estimate expected growth in regions over time. Expected growth can be sorted out from unexpected, thereby displaying reasons for a surprising stability in regional hierarchies over long time and an understanding of mechanisms behind incremental regional change.

  • Decomposing and forecasting freight transport CO2 emissions

Economic growth is considered the main factor behind freight transport work and its energy use. Thus far, however, focus has not been on the dynamic interrelations between GDP, structural change, technological factors and final effects on CO2-emissions during specific eras of economic development. Focus has been on end-state figures and randomly chosen time-periods. Growth cycle theory aims to explain the relations between GDP variations over long time and underlying economic behavior. Therefore, this research aims to find out whether this theory could contribute to the understanding of variations of GDP, freight transport work, technological investments and CO2-emissions over long time. Data is analyzed in a Shapley decomposition model.


Retrieved from Lund University's publications database



Retrieved from Lund University's publications database


Retrieved from Lund University's publications database

Human Geography
E-mail: lars-olof [dot] olander [at] keg [dot] lu [dot] se


Department of Human Geography

+46 46 222 84 14


Additional Publications

Lundquist, K-J, Olander, L-O (2012), Decomposing long term regional growth. AAG Annual meeting, New York, February 2012. 

Eng Larsson, F, Lundquist, K-J, Olander, L-O, Wandel, S (2011), Explaining and forecasting freight transport CO2 emissions: A decomposition model based on growth cycle theory. Paper presented at WCTR world conference on transport, July 2010, Lisbon. Published in Transport Policy 2012.

The Department of Human Geography
and the Human Ecology Division

Address: Sölvegatan 10,
223 62 Lund
Phone: 046-222 17 59

Faculty of Social Sciences