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Alf Hornborg

Alf Hornborg

Professor

Alf Hornborg

Ethnogenesis, regional integration, and ecology in prehistoric Amazonia: Toward a system perspective

Author

  • Alf Hornborg

Summary, in English

This paper critically reviews reconstructions of cultural development in prehistoric Amazonia and argues for the primacy of regional and interregional exchange in generating the complex distributions of ethno-linguistic identities traced by linguists and archaeologists in the area. This approach requires an explicit abandonment of notions of migrating "peoples" in favor of modern anthropological understandings of ethnicity and ethnogenesis. Further, the paper discusses the significance of such a regional system perspective on Amazonian ethnogenesis for the ongoing debate on the extent of social stratification and agricultural intensification on the floodplains and wet savannas of lowland South America. It concludes that the emergence of Arawakan chiefdoms and ethnic identities in such environments after the first millennium BC signifies the occupation of a niche defined in terms of both ecology and regional exchange but also that it transformed both these kinds of conditions. In these processes, ethnicity, social stratification, economy, and ecology were all recursively intertwined.

Department/s

  • Human Ecology

Publishing year

2005

Language

English

Pages

589-620

Publication/Series

Current Anthropology

Volume

46

Issue

4

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

University of Chicago Press

Topic

  • Social and Economic Geography

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1537-5382