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Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt

Professor, pro dean


Drills and Diets, Consumption and Conservation– the Role of Primate Meat in Local Diets in and Around Cross River National Park, Nigeria


  • Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt
  • Edu Effiom
  • Magnus Jirström
  • Ola Olsson

Summary, in English

The study uses household level data from four villages in
and around Cross River National Park (CRNP), Nigeria to assess the
role of primate meat in local livelihoods and diets. Okwangwo is an
enclave community within the national park, Butatong houses the
CRNP headquarters. Kanyang1 and Abo Ebam are located farther
away from the park. 149 respondents were surveyed. Sale of
bushmeat contributed 4 percent of total cash income on average, but
is important as a source of protein in the context of poorly developed
livestock systems. 98 percent of the households ate bushmeat during
the past year and 74 percent hunted for consumption. 77 percent ate
meat from primates, although this varied from 53 percent in Butatong
to 97 percent in Okwangwo. Differences emerge among the villages
with less reliance on bushmeat, less hunting and a dietary shift
towards poultry in Butatong. There is no correlation between income
levels and consumption of primate meat. The overwhelming motive
for eating primate meat was taste preferences. Solutions to
unsustainable extraction of primate meat must be sourced in relation
to local consumption. Improving access to animal source foods,
through widening the livestock basis of local agrarian


  • Department of Human Geography
  • Biodiversity
  • BECC - Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
  • Biodiversity and Conservation Science

Publishing year





Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development





Document type

Journal article


Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development


  • Human Geography


  • bushmeat
  • livelihoods
  • hunting
  • consumption
  • conservation
  • livestock



Research group

  • Biodiversity and Conservation Science


  • ISSN: 2233-6192