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Now We Are Indígenas! Hegemony and indigeneity in the Bolivian Andes

  • Anders Burman
Publiceringsår: 2014
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 247-271
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies
Volym: 9
Nummer: 3
Dokumenttyp: Artikel i tidskrift
Förlag: Routledge

Abstract english

This article explores the ever-shifting semantics and semiotics of the concept “indígena” in the Bolivian Andes, and argues that “indigeneity” is charged with different meanings by different actors in changing contexts of territorial and social struggles and state governance.

The article focuses on the discourse and politics of the indigenous Andean organization CONAMAQ and its response to changing pressures on indigenous territories and resources caused by the nation-building process started in 2006 by the Evo Morales administration. The article identifies a recent conflict in the Bolivian lowlands between indigenous organizations and the Bolivian State as one decisive moment in a broader historical and political process, a moment when two divergent projects of “lo indígena” emerged in the Bolivian Andes: one hegemonic state project of indigeneity and one counter-hegemonic project of indigeneity. The article shows that this was not the first time in Bolivian history that a hegemonic project from above was responded to from below with a counter-hegemonic project. And, what is more, the article argues that hegemonic projects actually tend to create the spaces that are necessary for counter-hegemonic projects to emerge and for new political visions and subjectivities to take form.


  • Social and Economic Geography
  • Indigeneity
  • hegemony
  • counter-hegemony
  • Aymara
  • Bolivia


  • ISSN: 1744-2222
Human Ecology
E-post: anders [dot] burman [at] hek [dot] lu [dot] se




Länkar till publikationer

2012. “Places to think with, books to think about: Words, experience and the decolonization of knowledge in the Bolivian Andes”. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, Special Issue, vol. 10, issue 1, pp. 101-120. 

2011. “Yatiris en el siglo 21: El conocimiento, la política y la nueva generación”. Nuevo Mundo, Mundos Nuevos, vol. 11.

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